What is Decentralized Financing?

Decentralized finance or (DeFi) has created some buzz in the last few months after several products and platforms started allowing DeFi services. One of the Decentralized lending programs MakerDAO has beaten the other competitors with their impressive adoption of the stablecoin Dai but this is only the beginning of an ever-growing ecosystem meant for driving finance that is unstoppable.

Ethereum’s DeFi has been giving out rules, security tokens, exchanges, derivatives and more, and this landscape has turned out one of its leading as well as thorough application environments till now — notwithstanding the network’s mounting distress. Understanding and comprehending DeFi tends to be very difficult because of ongoing innovation. So here we will try to take a glimpse at some of the most important elements of this flowering ecosystem.

What do we know about DeFi?

DeFi is basically just the standard commercial tools that are created on a blockchain — especially Ethereum. It is frequently declared via open-source protocols for building and enforcing digital assets. These are meant to give striking benefits of working on an unrestricted blockchain and increased access to finance-related information and records. Decentralizing everything might not be a reasonable tactic and many DeFi platforms acknowledge this. Hence they offer heterogeneous digital assets and conventional financial aids, like BlockFi.

Another term, which can be used and is more embracing of the current limelight bestowed upon financial outcomes, is called open finance. Here an ever-growing ecosystem of combined digital assets, open protocols, and blockchains are trying to get approval for themselves together with the traditional financial formations. The marked change in Ethereum’s application account has corresponded with the pure popularity of free monetary tools on the products.

Ethereum has a few monetary sectors which deal with open finance – the most well known among them are –

  •  Issuance investing and platforms
  • Open lending protocols
  • Open marketplaces and Exchanges
  •  Stablecoins.
  • Decentralized Prediction Markets

Investing and Issuance Platforms:

These platforms include a wide range of programs, including numerous exchanges that become issuance mediums like tZERO.

A vital portion of these issued policies is based on the highly secure token market. Here the pending regulations and a promise of more compliant security, is swiftly becoming quite a popular deal in the crypto-world. Some of the famous security token issuance sites are Polymath and Harbor.

They provide the necessary framework, resources, and tools required for any issuer to start securities that are tokenized on a particular blockchain. These platforms make their regulated token deals for protection and that enables automatic compliance and changeable trade regulations as and when required. Similarly, these platforms are combined with such service providers like the broker-dealers, custodians and legal entities etc to help issuers whenever they need any assistance.

There are Dual exchange platforms as well like tZERO. Some asset managing platforms like Melonport have obtained much traction as they offer both a front- end asset management program usually and a back-end runs on smart contracts of Ethereum. Melonport combines price data, risk management, exchanges, and compliance. It is believed that this investment management frameworks and issuance programs will increase in predominance swiftly as more and more people get involved in entering open finance.

Open Lending Protocols:

These protocols are the most popular open financial sector on Ethereum. This is mainly because of the sudden increase in the application of P2P rules- example Dharma- and Dai. It can also be due to the liquidity pool constructions like Compound Finance. No wonder decentralized market has created quite uproar. Open and decentralized lending proposes various benefits over conventional structures of lending including:

  • They allow the combination with digital asset borrowing or lending
  • They allow digital asset Collateralization.
  • Instant transactions can be settled and protected lending methods are applied
  • Credit checks are not applied which means- more widespread access to a large number of people who cannot use conventional services
  • Due to interoperability and standardization— costs that occurred due to automation are reduced.

Secured lending utilizing unrestricted protocols like Dharma and MakerDAO are usually created to depend on the minimization of trust that Ethereum allows decreasing counterparty damage without needing an intermediary. It can be usually achieved through the standard cryptographic verification techniques that are used on public blockchains.

Open protocol crediting takes place only on public blockchains especially like Ethereum and it has some interesting long-term associations for developing financial incorporation all over the world. MakerDAO is probably the most well-known lending protocol when it comes to decentralized financing, rising in reputation in 2019. It has become so much popular that various stability fee additions have been suggested to maintain steady equality with its respective Dai: Like the price peg in USD — created due to scaling problems.

Other crediting services that use digital assets mainly include BlockFi, which allows users to loan and buy digital assets but they employ a familiar credit model that is similar to the credit checks or a company that is concocting loan requests incognito.

 Open Marketplaces and Exchange:

The kind of Exchanges taking place in these open finance essentially stick to P2P marketplaces and decentralized exchange or (DEX) obligations. First, DEXs are P2P exchange of assets that occur on Ethereum within two different parties and here usually no third-party can act as their mediator in a business. These include parties like Coinbase or any other similar centralized exchanges. DEXs normally suffer from the deficiency of volumes because of their unfriendly UIs and extra obscure quality, and so they are still in their initial stages of approval. DEXs also make use of some highly futuristic schemes for interchanging tokens like atomic interchanges and some other non-customary methods for swapping one asset for the other with minimum settlement risk or time.

Stablecoins:

These days Stablecoins have almost gushed into the cryptocurrency markets especially now with their new designs for dispensing tokens, examining their supplies and maintaining their price upheavals. Stablecoins are basically like the blockchain-issued tokens which have been designed to sustain a steady level with an external asset — frequently the USD and sometimes other assets like gold.

Stablecoins are mainly of three different categories:

  1. Crypto-collateralized
  2. Fiat-Collateralized
  3. Non-Collateralized

The Crypto-collateralized stablecoins include Maker’s Dai. Here the usually underlying asset is normally over-collateralized upon the loaned asset (Dai) and that is based upon the prevailing collateralization ratio.

Prediction-Markets for Decentralized Financing:

Undoubtedly, the most compelling features of Decentralized finance is Decentralized forecast markets. They are extremely complex but they also offer tremendous potential. Augur was launched in the last year and it created much fanfare since it was a forecast market, resistant to censorship, that was dependent upon Ethereum and other similar types of platforms like Gnosis are believed to follow in its footsteps. Prediction markets are a popular financial tool for a long time for avoiding risks and contemplating various global events and from now onwards decentralized prediction markets will also allow for the same thing— but it is more related to cryptocurrencies and cannot control the markets.

What are the risks associated with DeFi?

Some difficulties lie ahead for DeFi’s conception. Although it can modify the lives of a countless number of people, it’s a glaring fact that DeFi solutions failed to win public awareness. Approval in the crypto world has been nothing but modest, to say the least.

We also need to remember that even if DeFi administrations accomplish to greet hundreds of millions of people to its programs, the public blockchains that they depend on, cannot accommodate their needs. Visa has claimed that it can prepare more than 24,000 transactions in a second thus making Bitcoin look small and insignificant. Concerns related to scalability have also been a long-running barb for Ethereum. The co-founder of Ethereum, Vitalik Buterin, recently admitted that the blockchain is about full. Volatility in cryptocurrencies is another problem — and although stablecoins are trying to seek a remedy for this, the difficulty of the administrative agreement continues to stay put.

Facebook revealed lofty plans to start a stablecoin called Libra this year but for this, the social network has suffered constant opposition from American politicians, financial institutions and regulators. Lawmakers have shown concern since it could weaken the U.S. dollar and lead to complete disarray of the global economy, while banks dread that it could produce a “shadow banking” system.

How can DeFi develop and grow?

Dealing with regulatory blockades is an important step in supporting decentralized finance to grow. Nevertheless, a big disadvantage in reaching agreement lies in how numerous DeFi companies are working individually, creating a fragmented market. And, to add to that problem, there are innumerable governments with clashing opinions towards blockchain and crypto in general. Some countries have actually banned digital currencies completely, like India, warning to send those caught trading in crypto to prison for almost 10 years.

The shift towards decentralization

A huge wave of crypto-startups has arrived upon the shores of the financial industry in the last couple of years. The industry managers like exchanges and banks have only seemed invulnerable up until now.

These days, there are a few dozens of crypto startups rushing to get the limelight. With the present global economic system providing numerous differences, these startups have realized the need for a more solid economic solution.

Perceiving the blockchain technologies as a good fit for this sector, various companies have concentrated on promoting blockchain-based policies and goods. The purpose behind turning to crypto is that financial services will be more easily available on a global scale.

Traditional vs. Decentralized Finance-Which one to choose?

The modern global economic policy has shown to be ineffective in various aspects. With various financial mediators present in the system, the users in this system face innumerable security risks. According to a study by CIODIVE, cybercriminals usually target economic co-operations 300 times more than compared to other sectors. Another study claims that 45% of financial mediators such as stock exchanges and money transfers and undergo dangerous cybercrimes each year. Bitcoin and Ethereum can solve this problem of the conventional financial system because of its permissionless nature. Blockchain can substitute the modern financial system as it is permissionless transparent and decentralized.

Here’s what all of this actually means:

Blockchain is extremely unrestricted, which means that anyone and everyone in this world can use it. This kind of openness on a global level can solve the problems of inequality modeled by the prevailing centralized economic system. Blockchain is completely decentralized and this means that its credentials are kept dispersed all across many thousand devices. There is no particular central server or a body of authority that can control these blockchains. Lastly, blockchain is extremely transparent, as all transaction histories are examinable.

Conclusion:

The choice of blockchain technology and the extent of crypto-based financial services can mold a new world based on decentralized finance. This world will be characterized by its wider global receptiveness to different financial services, more reliable transactions, and cheaper transaction costs.

It is better and more reasonable to make your own study and realize that these DeFi products usually include high-peril assets in unpredictable and unusual platforms. Nevertheless, they offer a compelling impression into a tomorrow of blockchains, digital assets, and traditional financial systems inter-mixing with one another in an extensive and accessible atmosphere.

Aniket Srivastava

Aniket is a passionate follower of trending technologies. Whether the latest game on the market or a new gadget launch he is the go-to person. He drives his motivation from the fast-paced technological advancements. He ensures that the right news reaches niche audiences. He is a true believer of the Crypto and Blockchain world.
Aniket Srivastava